7.4. Ethics And Principel Policies

Students, faculty members, researchers, and/or anybody who is engaged in academic pursuits may not claim words and ideas of another as their own. They are required to give credit and correct attribution to the original source, where it is due. The key element of this principle of academic honesty is that authors do not present the work of another as if it were their own work. This can extend to ideas as well as written words. If authors model a study after one done by someone else, the originating author should be given credit (American Psychology Association – Publication Manual: Ethics Code, 6th Ed., Washington, D.C., 2010).

All members of the University community engaged in research are charged with upholding the following principles:

  1. Honesty

Upholding honesty in all academic communications. Researchers propose and report methods, data, results, conclusions and recommendations with accuracy, sincerity and honesty, and are prohibited from deceiving or misleading colleagues, granting agencies or the public.

 

  1. Integrity

Strive for consistency of thought and action; always keep promises and agreements.

 

  1. Respect for confidentiality and privacy

Safeguard confidential information and respect the privacy of the participants in the research conducted. Any communication related to grants or papers submitted for publication, patent records, and personal data are discussed only for scientific and professional reasons.

 

  1. Respect Intellectual Property Rights

Be cognizant of issues related to intellectual property rights, which include patents, trademarks, copyright, authorship, publication credit. Give proper  acknowledgment or credit for all contributions to research.

 

  1. Refrain from any form of academic dishonesty, including

but not limited to:

  • Plagiarism;
  • Fabrication, falsification or manipulation of data;
  • Duplication of published data;
  • Withholding or omitting data upon which research findings are reported.

 

  1. Provide informed consent for research, including:
  • The purpose of the research, procedures, and timelines;
  • Subjects’ right to decline participation;
  • Possible risks and likely benefits;
  • Assurance of confidentiality, privacy, and policy toward sharing of data;
  • Incentives of participation, if applicable.

In the event that the institution’s principles of academic integrity are violated, a student is subject to an investigation and hearing, conducted by an ad hoc committee usually comprising the Head of the student’s Study Program, the relevant Dean, and the Vice Rector. The implementation of any academic sanctions results from the adjudication of this ad hoc committee.

Disciplinary proceedings are initiated by any member of the academic staff who has direct or indirect knowledge of a violation. Academic sanctions may be imposed if the committee conclusively determines that a student has engaged in any of the following acts:

  • Falsifying a signature related to the courses, study plan, transcript, certificate or other academic documents;
  • Cheating on any test or examination or assisting others to cheat;
  • Plagiarism on any graded assignment or exam; submitting another person’s work as one’s own in any form;
  • Falsifying data on any research project, paper, or laboratory exercise;
  • Attempting to influence an instructor to alter a grade or assignment through payment, gifts, or services.

Appropriate sanctions for any academic ethical violations are determined by the adjudicating officers or committee, and authorized by the University Rector. Actions may include, but are not limited to:

  • Academic Warning: Formal censure with a written warning of academic probation;
  • Cancellation of a test, exam, or assignment, and giving a grade of “0” or “F” for this activity within a course grade calculation;
  • Withdrawal of the student from the course without any tuition refund, requiring a future repeat of the necessary credits;
  • Academic suspension for one or more terms;
  • Expulsion from the University.

Students are required to be punctual when they attend all academic and non-academic functions. Students are expected to attend all classes as scheduled and may be asked to attend classes and/or tutorial session outside of their regular schedules or curriculum.

The minimum requirement for attendance in class participation and practicum is 75 percent. Failure to meet this requirement in any course may lead to a grade reduction, a refusal to allow the students to take the final examinations or, in severe cases, expulsion from the University.

The University encourages students to practice consideration, kindness and responsibility in their dealings with other members of the community, and to actively discourage unbecoming conduct that includes threats, intimidation, drunkenness, lewdness, and participation in any disturbance of peace and illegal assembly. Inappropriate behavior also includes involvement in an activity outside campus that causes negative consequences for University students and staff. Students are reminded that conduct incongruous to their roles as responsible adults in a University community carries penalties according to the seriousness of the misconduct. Any student proven to violate the rules or code of conduct as mentioned above will be subject to a sanction that may include but is not limited to suspension and/or expulsion.

The University recognizes the serious nature of bullying and the negative impact that it can have on the lives of students or staff. Bullying is unwanted negative behavior, verbal, psychological or physical conduct by an individual or group against another person (or persons) and is repeated over time. The following behaviors or conduct are included in the definition of bullying:

  • Deliberate exclusion, malicious gossip and other forms of relational bullying;
  • Cyber-bullying; and

• Identity-based bullying such as homophobic bullying, racist bullying, bullying based on a person’s membership of certain communities, and bullying of those with disabilities or special educational needs.

As members of an institution of higher learning, students on campus should always be in a state of mind that optimizes learning and intellectual pursuits. In view of this, no alcohol or illegal drugs should be sold or consumed on campus within its premises. The University may take necessary actions including but not limited to making a report to the local authorities to ensure that the Campus is free from illegal drugs.

We believe in providing an environment of clean air for everyone on campus and so have made our premises generally a “smokefree” zone. In consideration of our non-smoking colleagues and fellow students, the institution asks that all smokers respect this nonsmoking policy, which is applicable throughout our campus.

Students are encouraged to project a positive and appropriate image by wearing respectable attire when they are on campus. In official or formal activities inside and outside the campus, students are asked to wear their SU jackets (jaket almamater). For other University-supported activities outside the campus, such as the University experience program or internships, students are expected to wear professional attire:

  • Non-denim fabric trouser/skirt. For female students, the skirt or shorts should not be above the knees;
  • Collared blouse/shirt – not a t-shirt;
  • Closed shoes and formal footwear;
  • SU jacket (jaket almamater).

For non-formal activities (field or social activities), students are asked to wear certain types of shirts and/or an official jacket (tracksuits).

Dressing well shows respect for oneself and others, and creates a positive impression with anyone students might encounter. Improper attire such as indecently revealing shorts or dress, t-shirts, clothes with vulgar words or pictures, as well as slippers meant for domestic use may project a negative impression of students and reflects poorly on the institution. Students are advised to uphold this dress code on campus. For security reasons, students should not be wearing items of clothing meant to prevent identification, such as covering of the face with a cloth or mask, other than to protect themselves and others from health risks.

The campus is a place for learning, and should not be exploited for any commercial purposes or political cause. As such, solicitation of students by anyone (including our own students) without the approval of the appropriate University authority responsible for the administration of the campus area in which the proposed solicitation will take place is prohibited.

Solicitation is defined as any approach of one person to another for sale of goods and services, for recruitment of students for an external organization or cause, or for the purpose of distributing publicity materials on sales and services, or on any political or social cause that is not directly related to approved academic or student activities.

Common courtesy and mutual respect for one another in our community require students to switch all cell phones to silent mode during lectures, tutorials, meetings and briefings, and in areas such as the laboratories, libraries, computer clusters, classes, and examination centers unless it is permitted by the lecturers for certain purposes.

There will be a User Agreement that all students must sign when applying for computer accounts at the University. IT facilities are made available to aid in learning and facilitate knowledge dissemination.

Students should observe good computer etiquette and be aware of usage regulations in order to comply with rules of best practice and law. Abuses may be subject to University sanctions and/or external legal penalties include (but are not limited to) unauthorized entry, use, transfer, or tampering with the communications of others; interference with the work of others and with the operation of computer and electronic communications facilities, systems, and services; or copyright infringement (e.g. illegal file-sharing of copyrighted materials); use of computer and electronic communications facilities, systems, or services that violates other University’s policies or campus regulations.

  • The Task Force on Ethics and Discipline is a standing body of the University Executive, charged with developing the Code of Ethics and adjudicating infractions..
  • The members include the University Vice Rectors, Faculty Deans, and when warranted, the Legal or Human Resources departments.
  • The Task Force is chaired by a rotating University Executive member, and reports to the Senate.
  • The Task Force is responsible for establishing, reviewing, and updating the Code of Ethics for lecturers, staff, and students.
  • The Task Force is responsible for deciding whether to accept, investigate, and adjudicate issues related to ethics violations.

Reporting and Investigation of Code of Ethics Violations

  • Anyone who knows that a violation of the Code of Ethics has occurred has the obligation to report the occurrence to the Task Force on Ethics and Discipline.
  • A report on any infraction must be submitted in writing to the chair of the Task Force on Ethics and Discipline.
  • An ethics violation report must be substantiated by evidence, either written or through the testimony of witnesses.
  • All investigations are carried out in a non-discriminatory manner.
  • The chair of the Task Force on Ethics and Discipline will coordinate with the members in conducting a preliminary review of the ethics violation report.
  • If the decision based on the preliminary review indicates that more information is needed, the Task Force on Ethics and Discipline will conduct further investigation.
  • Investigations will be conducted by using a formal

adjudication process led by the Chair of the Task Force by interviewing all relevant parties, such as the person who reported the violation, witnesses, the defendant(s), and other individuals as needed.

  • The Task Force on Ethics and Discipline has the right to present an expert witness whose expertise is relevant to the issue.
  • The Task Force will make a decision or make a

recommendation based on the investigation in the adjudication process.

  • Any University student or staff member who is found guiltyof violating the Code of Ethics has the right to appeal the initial decision.
  • The appeal can be proposed only once by sending a written appeal petition to the Chair of the University Task Force on Ethics and Discipline, supported by evidence.

Types of Code of Ethics Violations

  • A Minor Violation is a violation that affects an individual in the University community.
  • A Medium Violation is a violation that affects the University’s services or operations.
  • A Major Violation is a violation that affects the University’s reputation and violates Indonesian law. Sanctions for Ethics Violations
  • The punishment for a minor violation may be in the form of oral reprimand, a warning letter, or in the form of academic sanction such as a grade reduction or failure.
  • A moderate violation punishment may be in the form of a semester suspension from any related academic activities.
  • Sanctions for a major violation may be dismissal of a student